The library includes publicly available research studies, assessments, and other sources of information that provide information on Maunalua Bay from ecological, economic, cultural, social, and governance perspective. The references were available on the internet and in libraries. If you are conducting research in the Bay and/or know of literature not currently cited, please call or email us at MM. We would like to keep this library as up to date and complete as possible.  We are also looking for feedback on usability.  Please forward comment to Mahalo.


Aecos No 933 – Draft. 2002. An aquatic resources survey for shoreline improvements and nearshore dredging at 567 Portlock Road, O`ahu, Hawai`i. Report prepared for Wilson Okamoto & Associates for the environmental assessment.

Aecos No 1150. 2010. Marine biological and water quality resources at Hawai‘i Kai Marina, Hawai‘i Kai, O‘ahu. Report prepared for Anchor Environmental for use in the preparation of an Environmental Assessment.

Aecos No 1150b2011. Algae and seagrass survey in Hawai‘i Kai Marina, East O‘ahu

Aecos No 1150c. 2015.  Marine biological and water quality surveys at Hawai‘i Kai Marina, Hawai‘i Kai, O‘ahu.

Aecos No 1262F. 2011. Marine biological and water quality surveys for Hanapepe Loop drainage outfall improvements, Maunalua Bay, Honolulu, O‘ahu, Hawai‘i.

Anchor QEA. 2011. Environmental Assessment – Hawaii Kai Marina and Entrance Channel Maintenance Dredging. Prepared for Hawaii Kai Marina Community Association.

Bailey-Brock, J.1981.  Ecology of the tube-building polychaete Diopatra leuckarti Kinberg, 1865 (Onuphidae) in Hawaii: community structure, and sediment stabilizing properties.  Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 80: 191-199.

Bailey-Brock et al. 1999. Intrusion of Anchialine Species in the Marine Environment: The Appearance of an Endemic Hawaiian Shrimp, Halocaridina rubra, on the South Shore of O’ahu (Hawaiian Islands). Pacific Science 53(4): 367-369.

Bare A. 2008. Maunalua Bay Honu Survey. Biology 499 Directed Research Report. University of Hawaii.

Caperon, J. 1974. Kalanianeloe Hwy (FAP-72) Improvement: Environmental Impact Statement, Volume 2.

Coles et al. 2002. Nonindigenous marine species at Waikiki and Hawaii Kai, O’ahu, Hawaii. Final Report prepared for the Packard Foundation and State of Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources Division of Aquatic Resources. Contribution No. 2002-025 to the Hawaii Biological Survey.

DLNR. 2008. Wailupe, O’ahu. DAR Watershed Code: 33005.  Atlas of Hawaiian Watershed & Their Aquatic Resources.  p 317-324.

Dreyer et al. 2005. The immediate effects of Hurricane Iniki on intertidal fauna on the south shore of Oahu. Marine Environmental Research 59: 367–380.

Englund et al. 2000. Nonindigenous freshwater and estuarine species introductions and their potential to affect sportfishing in the lower stream and estuarine regions of the south and west shores of Oahu, Hawaii. Final Report prepared for the Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources, Division of Aquatic Resources. Bishop Museum Technical Report No. 17.

Allen J. and R. Merchant. 1975. Site selection and coneptual design for Hawaii Kai Jetfoil in Maunalua Bay, Oahu. Kentron Hawaii, Ltd.

Longenecker K. and R. Langston R. 2008. A rapid, low-cost technique for describing the population structure of reef fishes. Final Report. Contribution No. 2008-002 to the Hawaii Biological Survey.

Longenecker et al. 2011. Macrofaunal Invertebrate Communities on Hawaii’s Shallow Coral-Reef Flats: Changes Associated with the Removal of an Invasive Alien Alga. Prepared for The Nature Conservancy. Bishop Museum Technical Report 54.

Longenecker et al. 2008. Reproduction, growth, and mortality of manini, Acanthurus triostegus sandvicensis. Final Report. Prepared for Fisheries Local Action Strategy. Hawaii Biological Survey. Contribution No. 2008-006.

Nelson et al. 2007. Condition of Estuaries and Bays of Hawaii for 2002: A Statistical Summary. Office of Research and Development, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, EPA/620-R-07/001.

Magalhaes W. and J. Bailey-Brock. 2014.Polychaete assemblages associated with the invasive green alga Avrainvillea amadelpha and surrounding bare sediment patches in Hawaii. Memoirs of Museum Victoria 71: 161–168.

Murphy. 2013.  Characterizing growth patters to facilitate restoration of the seagrass Halophila hawaiiana. Disseration. Hawaii Pacific University.

Pollock J. 1928.Fringing and fossil coral reefs of Oahu. Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 55.[bulletin cover]

Smith et al. 2002. Distribution and reproductive characteristics of nonindigenous and invasive marine algae in the Hawaiian Islands. Pacific Science 56(3): 299–315.

Spielman M. 2012. Benthic community structure of Hawaiian seagrass habitats. Master’s thesis. Hawaii Pacific University.

Tait et al. 1975. Preliminary environmental impact studies on the marine environment at Maunalua Bay. Prepared for Kentron Hawaii, Ltd. AECOS No. 124.

Walton M. No date. Do MPAs facilitate coral reef ecosystem health? University of Hawaii, Biology Department.  Power Point Presentation.


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Dimova et al. 2012.Utilizing multichannel electrical resistivity methods to examine the dynamics of the fresh water–seawater interface in two Hawaiian groundwater systems. Journal of Geophysical Research 117. 12 p.

Ganguli et al. 2014. Mercury dynamics in a coastal aquifer: Maunalua Bay, Oʻahu, Hawaiʻi. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 140: 52-65.

Kennedy J. 2011. Evaluation anthropogenic impacts on the flow of two coastal springs in Maunalua Bay, South Shore, O`ahu. Bachelor’s Thesis.

Nelson et al. 2015.Fluorescent dissolved organic matter as a multivariate biogeochemical tracer of submarine groundwater discharge in coral reef ecosystems. Marine Chemistry. 12 pp.

Presto et al. 2012. Coastal circulation and potential coral-larval dispersal in Maunalua Bay, O‘ahu, Hawaii—Measurements of waves, currents, temperature, and salinity, June–September 2010: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2012-1040, 67 p., available at

Richardson et al. 2017.  Submarine groundwater discharge drives biogeochemistry in two Hawaiian reefs. Limnol. Oceanogr. 62, S348–S363.

Richardson et al. 2015. Sources and spatial variability of groundwater-delivered nutrients in Maunalua Bay, Oahu, Hawai‘i. Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies. 16 pp.

Storlazzi et al. 2010. Coastal Circulation sediment dynamics in Maunalua Bay, Oahu, Hawaii; measurements of waves, currents, temperature, salinity, and turbidity; November 2008-February 2009: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2010-1217, 59 p. [].

Takesue R. 2013. Maunalua Bay sediment – geochemical source – discrimination.

Wolanski et al. 2009. Quantifying the impact of watershed urbanization on a coral reef: Maunalua Bay, Hawaii. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 84 (2009) 259–268.

Wollenberg and Ruby. 2012. Phylogeny and fitness of Vibrio fischeri from the light organs of Euprymna scolopes in two Oahu, Hawaii populations. The ISME Journal (2012) 6, 352–362

No author. No date. Paiko Peninsula – geomorphology.

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Aquatic Resources – General Hawaii

Brasher A and R Wolff. 2004. Relations between land use and organochlorine pesticides, PCBs, and semi-volatile organic compounds in streambed sediment and fish on the Island of Oahu, Hawaii. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 46, 385-398.

Brostoff W. 1989.  Avrainvillea amadelpha (Codiales, Chlorophyta) from Oahu, Hawaii. Pacific Science, vol. 43, no. 2

Carlton J and L Eldredge. 2015.. Update and Revisions of The Marine Bioinvasions of Hawai‘i: the Introduced and Cryptogenic Marine and Estuarine Animals and Plants of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Bishop Museum Bulletin in Zoology 9:25047.

Carlton J and L Eldredge. 2009. Marine bioinvasions of Hawaii. The introduced and cryptogenic marine and estuarine animals and plants of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Bishop Museum Bulletins in Cultural and Environmental Studies 4.

Department of Land and Natural Resources – Division of Fish and Game. 1980. Hawaii coastal zone fisheries management study.

Donovan et al. 2015. Ecology and niche specialization of two bonefish species in Hawai‘i. Environmental Biology of Fishes.

Friedlander A, J Nowlis, and H Koike. 2015. Improving Fisheries Assessments Using Historical Data: Stock Status and Catch Limits in Marine Historical Ecology in Conservation, Applying the Past to Manage for the Future. Kittingser J, L McCleanachan, K. Gedan, and L Blight. University of California Press. Chapter 5, p. 91-118.

Hauk et al. 2008. Alien Macroalgae Distribution and Management in Hawai’i. 2008 Hawaii Conservation Conference. Power Point Presentation.

Hunter C.L. 2003. Alien Algae on Hawaii’s Reefs: Distributional Changes and Ecological Responses. Grant # NA160A2412, Project Final Report FY 2003.

Kamikawa et al. 2015. Bonefishes in Hawai’i and the importance of angler-based data to inform fisheries management. Environ Biol Fish 98: 2147–2157.

Littler M. 1973. The population and community structure of Hawaiian fringing-reef crustose corallinaceae (Rhodophyta, Cryptonemiales). J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. Vol. 11: 103-120.

Longencker al. 2008. A compendium of life history information for some exploited Hawaiian reef fishes.  Final Report prepared for the Fisheries Local Action Strategy. Bishop Museum Technical Report No. 44.

Longnecker et al. 2009. Reproduction, growth, and mortality of kole, Ctenochaetus strigosus. Final Report. Prepared for Fisheries Local Action Strategy. DAR.

O’io Tagging Project. Fisheries Ecology Research Lab, University of Hawaii. 2(1).

Sea Grant College Program. 1978. Paper and Comments on Tropical Reef Fish. Working Paper No. 34. University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI.

Spalding H. 2012. Ecology of mesophotic macroalgae and Halimeda kanaloana meadows in the main Hawaiian Islands. Dissertation. University of Hawaii at Manoa.

Smith et al. 2004.Ecology of the Invasive Red Alga Gracilaria salicornia (Rhodophyta) on O‘ahu, Hawai‘i. Pacific Science (2004), vol. 58, no. 2:325–343.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2007. Condition of Estuaries and Bay of Hawaii for 2002: a statistical summery. EPA/620-R-07/001.

Vermeij M et al. 2011.. Crustose coralline algae can suppress macroalgal growth and recruitment on Hawaiian coral reefs. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 422: 1-7.

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Human Dimensions and Governance

Atkinson A. 2007. A Natural and Cultural History of Maunalua Bay and Its Watershed. Master’s thesis. San Francisco State University.

Atoni and Associates. 1988. A Statewide Ocean Recreation Management Plan for the State of Hawaii. Final Report. Prepared for: Department of Transportation – Harbor Division. 322 pp.

Hawaii Coral Reef Working Group Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument. 2010. Priorities for coral reef management in the Hawaiian archipelago 2010-2020.   Final. May 14, 2010.

D’Iorio et al. 2015. The Pacific Regional Ocean Uses Atlas. Data and tools for understanding ocean space use in Washington, Oregon and Hawaii. Prepared under BOEM-NOAA Interagency Agreement. OCS Study BOEM 2015-014. This report can be downloaded from the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management website by referencing OCS Study BOEM 2015-014.


DLNR DOBOR. Informational Handout for Maunalua Bay Recreation Advisory Committee. Permit information and maps. Prepared for July 19th 2017 meeting.

Coleman H. 2014.  Ke Kula Wela La o Pahua. The cultural and historical significance of Pahua Heiau, Maunalua, O’ahu. Office of Hawaiian Affairs. Research Division – Land, Culture, and History.

Haab et al. No date. Small Boat Fishing in Hawaii: A Random Utility Model of Ramp and Ocean Destinations.

Impact Assessment, Inc. 2011. Social and economic benefits of the Maunalua Bay Reef Restoration Project. Prepared for The Nature Conservancy.

Environet Inc. 2016. Draft Environmental Assessment Hawaii Reef Project Maunalua Bay, Oahu, Hawaii. Prepared for Hawaii Memorial Reefs, LLC.

Friedlander et al. 2013. Customary marine resource knowledge and use in contemporary Hawai‘i. Pacific Science. A quarterly devoted to the biological and physical sciences of the Pacific Region 67(3). 42 pp. (Early view)

Kittinger et al. 2016. Restoring ecosystems, restoring community: socioeconomic and cultural dimensions of community-based coral reef restoration project. Reg Environ Change 16.

Kupu. 2013. Kupu cultural & historical site guide.

Oceanit Laboratories, Inc. 1998. Final environmental assessment Maunalua Bay dredging, Oahu. Prepared for Department of Land and Natural Resources.

Paiko Fishin Hui 1950s. Constitution and by-laws of the Paiko Fishing Hui, Honolulu.

Sea Grant College Program. 1978. Papers and comments on tropical reef fish. Working Paper No. 34. University of Hawaii.

Takemoto et al. 1975. Historical/cultural essay report on the Kuapa Pond area. Submitted to the US Army Corps of Engineers.

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DLNR DAR. 2010.  Long-Term Monitoring of Coral Reefs of the Main Hawaiian Islands. Final Report 2009 NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program State of Hawai’i Monitoring Report  10/01/2006 – 09/30/2010.

EPA. no date. National Coastal Condition Report IV. Chapter 6-10.

Nelson, Walter G; Brock, Richard; Lee II, Henry; Lamberson, Janet O; Cole, Faith. 2007. Condition of Estuaries and Bay of Hawaii for 2002: A Statistical Summary. Office of Research and Development, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, EPA/620-R-07/001.

Gewecke  et al. 2014. Day use mooring buoy assessment. Social Science Research Institute University of Hawaii and NOAA.

Hawai‘i Coral Reef Working Group Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument. 2010. PRIORITIES FOR CORAL REEF MANAGEMENT IN THE HAWAIIAN ARCHIPELAGO 2010–2020.

Hawaii DAR. 2006. Reef Fish Stocks and Fishing Impacts in the Hawaiian Islands.

NOAA RAMP Surveys Oahu SB-13-20 – map

Nadon M. 2017. Stock Assessment of the Coral Reef Fishes of Hawaii, 2016. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-PIFSC-60.

NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center. 2016. Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program. Ecological monitoring 2015—reef fishes and benthic habitats of the main Hawaiian Islands, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, Pacific Remote Island Areas, and American Samoa. Data Report DR-16-002.

Rowland S and M Garcia. 2004. Southeast O‘ahu Geology Field trip Guide. Prepared for the Western Pacific Geophysics Meeting, Honolulu, Hawaii, 16-20 August. University of Hawaii.

The Department of Health, Honolulu. 2012. 2012 STATE OF HAWAII WATER QUALITY MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT REPORT: Integrated Report to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Congress Pursuant to §303(d) and §305(b), Clean Water Act (P.L.97-117).

The Department of Health, Honolulu. 2008. 2006 State of Hawaii Water Quality Monitoring and Assessment Report: Integrated Report to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Congress Pursuant to §303(d) and §305(b), Clean Water Act (P.L.97-117). Chapter IV Assessment of Waters.

The Nature Conservancy of Hawaii. 2009. Maunalua Marine Survey Report.

The Nature Conservancy of Hawaii. 2012.  Recovery of a Hawaiian reef flat community following the removal of the invasive alien algae Avrainvillea amadelpha in the Paikō area of Maunalua Bay, Hawai‘i.

The Nature Conservancy of Hawaii. 2014. Assessment of Fish in Maunalua Bay, O‘ahu Findings from Three Years of Marine Surveys (2009-2012)

Wilson Okamoto & Associates, Inc. 1988. Environmental assessment for Maunalua Bay Ferry Terminal. Proposing agency: State of Hawaii, Department of Transportation Harbors Divison.

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Presentations and Posters

Dunn, K. Final Research Paper


Grossman E. No date. Substrate and reef accretion, South Oahu Shelf. Power Point Presentation.

Grossman E. No date.b. Water quality, ground water plumes and nutrients in benthic algae in Maunalua Bay. USGS. Power Point Presentation.


HCA Maunalua Watershed Snapshot Poster 2016

McDuff et al. 2012. Invasive alga removal accelerates sediment flushing in Maunalua Bay. Research Poster.

Nelson et al. 2015.  Developing fluorescent dissolved organic matter as an efficient method of
tracking contaminated groundwater in coastal reef ecosystems.

Schemmel. No date.Integrating Local Ecological Knowledge with Science to Refine Traditional Community-Based Fishing Moon Calendars. Fisheries Ecology Research Lab. Power Point Presentation.

Smith et al. No date. Impacts of alien algae on native seagrasses in Hawaiian benthic reef communities. University of Hawaii- Manoa, Department of Botany. Power Point Presentation.

Swarzenski et al. 2009. Examining coastal groundwater discharge into Maunalua Bay using geochemical tracers and electrical resistivity. Power Point Presentation

Tribble G. No date. Stream and sediment monitoring. USGS. Power Point Presentation.

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MM Reports

Horseley Witten Group. 2009. Memorandum. Summary of Stormwater  Retrofit Options at Aina Haina Shopping Center.

Kittinger J. 2013. Participatory fishing community assessments to support coral reef fisheries comanagement. Pacific Science 67(3): 3610381.

Malama Maunalua. 2008. Maunalua Bay Pakiki Survey.

Malama Maunalua. 2009. Maunalua Bay Conservation Action Plan: A community’s call to action.

Malama Maunalua. 2009b. Maunalua regional watershed strategy – a community approach.

Malama Maunalua. 2011.  Watershed/Mauka Watch Report.

Prescott R. 2009. Wailupe and Kuliouou Watershed Assessment and Protocol Development Maunalua Bay, Hawaii. Submitted to Malama Maunalua.

Sustainable Resources Group Intn’l, Inc. 2010. Watershed Based Plan for Reduction of Nonpoint Source Pollution in Wailupe Stream Watershed. Final Report.

The Great Huki Time Series.


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Tools and Maps

HCA Effective Program_Maunalua Bay

Estimated coral cover modeling –

Sea level rise modeling – shoreline change –

Benthic Habitat Mapping –

Maunalua Bay Artificial Reef O’ahu – Map [DAR]

Ocean Recreational Management Areas, Maunalua Bay – [DOBOR]

Ocean Recreational Management Areas






NOAA BookletChart. Island of O’ahu.  NOAA Chart 19357. Compiled by NOAA’s Office of Coast Survey.

Bathymetry – Maunalua Bay

Avrainvillea Distribution – Maunalua Bay

Avrainvillea Distribution - Maunalua Bay

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Historic Photos

Aerial Photo – Maunalua Bay 1988

Aerial photo - Maunalua Bay 1988

Aerial Photo – Maunalua Bay 1976


Aerial Photo –  Maunalua Bay 1975


Aerial Photo – Maunalua Bay 1971

Aerial Photo - Maunalua Bay 1971

Aerial Photo – Maunalua Bay 1949


Aerial Photo – Paiko Niu 1927






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